All Cohen’s Fashion Optical Doctors of Optometry are State Licensed, highly qualified, experienced, dedicated and caring. Doctors of optometry diagnose, treat and assess ocular health as well as determine if vision correction is needed.
Annual Eye Exams
Annual eye exams are recommended as a part of preventative health care. Individuals can be unaware of problems because there are often no obvious signs or symptoms. It is important to detect and treat vision problems early in order to maintain good vision and eye health. Eye exams may include:
- Patient History – Checks the patient’s general health, medication usage, family history and symptoms, etc.
- Visual Acuity – Evaluates how clearly each eye is seeing. Also known as the “Snellen Chart”, this tests distance and near vision. Normal distance visual acuity is 20/20. If you have 20/20 vision, you are seeing clearly at the appropriate distance. This is only an indication of visual clarity and other skills that contribute to overall vision.
- Preliminary Tests – Evaluates specific aspects of visual function and eye health.
- Keratometry – Measures the curvature of the cornea, the clear outer surface of the eye. This is important for determining the “base curve” for the contact lenses.
- Refraction – Determines the appropriate lens power to compensate for nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism.
- Eye Health Evaluation – Examines the external parts of the eye, including the cornea, eyelids, conjunctiva and surrounding eye tissue. In addition, the patient’s pupils may be dilated to evaluate the internal parts of the eye, including the lens, retina and posterior section. Doctors will also measure the pressure within the eye to detect glaucoma.
- Supplemental Testing – Additional testing to confirm or rule out possible problems, and to provide clarification or further assessment.
Following are Vision Conditions that regularly scheduled eye exams can prevent or allow for early detection and treatment.
- Myopia (Nearsightedness) – Condition in which near objects are seen clearly, but distant ones are out of focus. This occurs if the eyeball is too long or the cornea has too much curvature. Nearsightedness is very common. Eyeglasses or contact lenses can correct nearsightedness and may be necessary for certain activities, including watching a movie or TV screen.
- Hyperopia (Farsightedness) – Condition in which distance objects are seen clearly, but close ones are out of focus. This occurs if the eyeball is too short or the cornea does not have enough curvature. Symptoms include difficulty concentrating and maintaining focus on close objects, eye strain, fatigue and/or headaches, aching or burning eyes, discomfort after long-term concentration.
- Presbyopia – Loss of flexibility in your eyes’ crystalline lens, causing difficulty focusing on close objects. This is a natural part of aging, typically occurring in the early to mid-40s. Signs include reading at arm’s length, blurred vision and eye fatigue. Presbyopia is not a disease and cannot be prevented.
- Astigmatism – Causes blurred vision due to the irregular shape of the cornea or the curvature of the lens inside the eye. The irregular shape prevents light from centering on the retina and creates blurred vision at any distance. This is a very common condition and often occurs with other vision conditions, such as nearsightedness and farsightedness. Astigmatism can be treated with eyeglasses and contact lenses.
- Strabismus (Crossed Eyes) – Occurs when one or both of the eyes turns in, out, up or down. This is often caused by poor eye muscle control. Treatments include prescription eyeglasses, prisms, vision therapy, and sometimes, surgery. If detected early, it can often be corrected.
- Amblyopia (Lazy Eye) – Loss or lack of development in one eye. Often associated with crossed-eyes or large differences in degrees of nearsightedness and farsightedness between the two eyes. Treatments include prescription eyeglasses, prisms, vision therapy and eye patching.
- Spots and Floaters – Small cloudy specks or particles within the vitreous (clear fluid that fills the inside of the eyes), caused during formation of the eyes before birth, deterioration of the vitreous fluid from aging, or some eye diseases or injuries. This condition rarely has an effect on vision and typically found to be harmless.
Eye Exam Coupons
Our various online coupons can be used toward eye exams and eyewear. Eye exam coupons can be found here and eye exams can be easily scheduled online.
Disclaimer: These are guidelines and by no means serve as a medical explanation. An appointment with a Cohen’s Doctor of Optometry will determine if any vision correction is needed.
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