A comprehensive eye exam
involves a series of vision screening tests and other procedures performed by your optometrist to evaluate the overall health of your eyes. There are several common comprehensive eye tests conducted during most eye exams that determine any need for vision correction, along with procedures eye doctors often perform to closely view the internal structures of your eyes. Whether performing basic visual acuity tests or more in-depth testing to check for conditions like glaucoma, optometrists at Cohen's Fashion Optical take the time to make you feel comfortable and to explain any part of the process you have questions about. And no tests, whether pupil dilation tests or contact lens measuring exams, will cause any pain, so there's no reason for anxiety when it comes to annual eye exams.
Before you head to an eye exam
, make sure you're prepared to answer questions about subjects such as your general health and vision, any personal or family history of eye diseases or diabetes, and information about any prescription medications you currently take. If you wear prescription eyeglasses, contact lenses, or both, bring them to the appointment. If pupil dilation will be part of your eye exam, expect to spend a little more time at the eye care center to allow for your pupils to dilate so that your eye doctor can examine your eyes thoroughly. And bring along your prescription sunglasses or regular sunglasses to wear on the way home as your eyes will be temporarily more sensitive to light after dilation – it's also a smart idea to have someone drive you home after pupil dilation.
Once your comprehensive eye exam starts, your Cohen's Fashion Optical eye doctor will typically start off with a standard visual acuity test which helps assess your vision in each eye while you read a chart on the wall. An ocular motility test, or eye muscle test, is also usually performed early on, to see how your eyes follow moving objects while your head is still. Next, a retinoscopy will likely be performed, along with an eye refraction test – these common eye exam
tests help determine any needed prescription to correct vision, and the eye doctor will use a machine to flip different lenses in front of your eyes to detect which lens power best suits your vision needs. Optometrists also use autorefractors and aberrometers to help determine a proper vision prescription: autorefractors show whether or not light rays focus properly on the back of your eye, and aberrometers help determine how light travels through your eye.
Additional comprehensive eye tests may be performed during your exam to more clearly determine overall eye health. A slit lamp exam helps your optometrist examine the external and internal structures of your eyes more closely, by using a high-magnification microscope to view your cornea, iris, lens, retina and optic nerve. Often a glaucoma test may be performed to test internal eye pressure, and your eye doctor may perform pupil dilation to be able to more closely evaluate the internal structures of your eyes and check for any signs of eye disease. During your comprehensive eye exam, be sure to ask your optometrist about any eye health concerns or questions, or any advice you'd like regarding changes you want to make in eyeglasses or contact lenses