When optometrists diagnose diabetic eye disease, they look at the blood vessels in the retina which are affected by the disease. Commonly eye problems in adults with diabetes begin here and have the potential to lead to vision loss. Eye doctors identify eye problems of the elderly the same way, which is why Cohen's Fashion Optical optometrists take extra precautionary steps when treating a diabetic patient or a patient of advanced age. Identifying diabetic eye disease symptoms is difficult as the condition is covert, though floating spots in the patient's field of vision can be a red flag that leads eye doctors to a diagnosis.
In addition, diabetic eye disease may also affect the macula, a part of the retina that is necessary for sharp, clear central vision and the perception of color. Some eye problems in adults with diabetes may include swelling of the macula, which eventually leads to vision loss. Eye doctors looking at eye problems of the elderly and eye conditions in older adults with diabetes watch for a buildup of fluid in this part of the retina, which causes the condition. As there are no symptoms of diabetic eye disease, especially regarding the macula, it is critical that optometrists detect this defect in a thorough eye exam.
Typically diabetic eye disease affects patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes. Among eye problems in adults with diabetes, it is most likely to impact 40 to 45% of patients. And with eye problems of the elderly, the condition may worsen with age. The symptoms of diabetic eye disease are never immediate, leaving patients unaware of the problem until they rely on optometrists, like the ones at Cohen's Fashion Optical, to observe clear indicators of diseases of eye such as changes in blood vessels and lenses or signs of nerve tissue damage, all determined by a comprehensive eye exam.
As diabetic eye disease can go undetected by patients, it is essential that those with diabetes have their eyes checked regularly. Awareness of eye problems in adults with diabetes ensures that major issues that impact eye health and age are addressed before they lead to vision loss. Though eye problems of the elderly are more commonly associated with apparent degenerative eye diseases like cataracts, which produce blurred and cloudy vision, it is diseases of the eye that produce no symptoms that can often cause the most damage. Critical diabetic eye disease symptoms may not occur until advanced stages of the disease, which means those with diabetes must speak to their eye doctor about the frequency of checkups.